|Author: Schacht, John N.|
Title: The Making of Telephone Unionism, 1920-1947.
Publisher: New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1985
Notes: The author sets forth the characteristics of the largely female telephone work force and of the telephone industry (dominated 1920-1947 by the Bell System), weighing the pro- and/or anti-union impact of each. He recounts the post-Wagner Act transformation of the Bell company unions into a patchwork of legitimate, albeit weak, independent unions; their 1938 coalescence into a loose federation; their growing militancy during World War II; and their 1947 emergence as a centralized national union, the
Communications Workers of America. The impulse toward centralization, the
author argues, was mainly the product of unionists' growing militancy,
coupled with their hard-won, rational perception that centralization was
needed to successfully confront the Bell System's centralized management. --JNS
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