De Soto crosses the Mississippi at or near the Fourth Chickasaw Bluff, where Memphis now stands.
Needham and Arthur enter East Tennessee. Joliet and Marquette descend the Mississippi from Wisconsin River to 34° N. latitude and stop at Chickasaw Bluffs.
La Salle builds Fort Prud'homme on First Chickasaw Bluff near mouth of Hatchie River.
Martin Chartier, one of La Salle's men, after some years' stay with Shawnee of Cumberland Valley, travels from French Lick up Cumberland River and overland to Virginia.
Eleazer Wiggan, English trader, establishes trade with Overhill Cherokee.
Charleville, French trader, operates a trading post at Great French Lick where Nashville now stands.
Sir Alexander Cuming negotiates first treaty between English and Cherokee. Group of chiefs go with him to England.
Christian Priber reaches Cherokee town of Great Tellico, plans to establish his "Kingdom of Paradise."
Dr. Thomas Walker of Virginia explores vicinity of present Kingsport.
Dr. Thomas Walker and party explore upper East Tennessee and pass through Cumberland Gap into Kentucky. Walker was the first explorer to record discovery of what he later named Cumberland Gap.
Major Andrew Lewis builds Virginia fort near Chota, Cherokee capital.
Fort Loudoun, near Virginia fort, completed; first Anglo-American fort in Tennessee to be garrisoned.
Presbyterian Mission established at Fort Loudoun by Rev. John Martin.
War between English and Cherokee. Indians take Fort Loudoun. Daniel Boone commissioned by Henderson and Co. to scout East Tennessee.
Peace is made between English and Cherokee.
Ensign Timberlake, Sergeant Sumter, Ostenaco, and two of his warriors visit England.
Henry Scaggs (Scoggins) explores Tennessee region as representative of Henderson & Co.
Col. James Smith leads exploring party which discovers Stone's River, named for Uriah Stone, one of the party.
Treaty of Hard Labour between English and Cherokee signed.
William Bean, supposed to have been first permanent settler in Tennessee builds cabin on Boone's Creek, near its junction with Watauga River.
The Watauga Association formed; first independent government established in America by native white Americans.
Washington District supersedes Watauga Association.
July 20. Battle of Island Plats between settlers and Cherokee.
Washington District becomes Washington County, with boundaries co-extensive with present State of Tennessee.
July 20. Commissioners of Virginia and North Carolina negotiate Treaty of Long Island with Cherokee.
Jonesboro, first town in Tennessee, established.
Rev. Samuel Doak, pioneer evangelist, preaches at Salem.
January 15. Battle of Freeland Station between settlers and hostile Cherokee and Creek.
John Sevier defeats Chickamauga and burns their towns.
June 1. McGillivray, Creek chief, forms alliance with Spanish.
June 2. North Carolina cedes its western lands to U. S., but repeals act in same year.
Davidson Academy, forerunner of University of Nashville and George Peabody College for Teachers, chartered.
Treaty of Hopewell between U. S. and Chickasaw. Chickasaw title to West Tennessee recognized by U. S.
Franklin Legislature meets at Greeneville for last time.
Peter Avery blazes Avery's Trace from East Tennessee across Cumberland Plateau to Nashville.
John Sevier elected first Representative to U.S. Congress from Washington.
Population, Territorial U. S. Census, 35,691.
William Blount, Governor of the Territory South of the River Ohio, establishes headquarters at White's Fort (Knoxville); Knoxville platted.
September 10. Andrew Jackson receives his first military appointment, "Judge Advocate for Davidson Regiment."
September 25. Cavett's Station destroyed by Indians.
September 10. Blount College, forerunner of University of Tennessee, chartered (opened 1795).
The Walton Road completed from Knoxville to Nashville across Cumberland Plateau.
February 6. First State constitution adopted.
Jackson succeeds William Cocke as U. S. Senator.
Jackson resigns as U. S. Senator and is appointed judge of State Superior Court.
Population 105,602. Great religious revival sweeps State.
Jackson elected major general of militia in contest with John Sevier and James Winchester.
General Wilkinson builds Fort Pickering at Memphis.
Aaron Burr visits Nashville on his way to Mississippi territory.
May 30. Jackson kills Charles Dickinson in a duel in Logan, Ky.
Nashville Bank, first in Tennessee, chartered.
Bank of the State of Tennessee established.
September 12. Legislature convenes in Nashville for first time.
September 4. Jackson is seriously wounded by Bentons at Talbot (afterward City) Hotel, Nashville.
March 27. Jackson defeats Creeks at Battle of Tohopeka, ending Creek War.
Manumission Society of Tennessee organized at Lost Creek, Jefferson County.
January-May. Jackson ordered to direct campaign against Seminoles; drives Spanish garrison from Pensacola.
First steamboat arrives at Nashville.
Jackson appointed Territorial Governor of Florida.
Pioneer, first newspaper in West Tennessee established at Jackson.
Nashoba, Fanny Wright's colony for freed slaves, established.
Memphis Advocateestablished - first newspaper in Memphis.
Davidson Academy becomes University of Nashville.
Jackson defeats John Quincy Adams for presidency of the United States.
April. Governor Houston resigns governorship; goes into voluntary exile among Cherokee in Arkansas.
Railroad Advocate, one of the first newspapers devoted to railroad promotion published at Rogersville.
Epidemic of Asiatic cholera sweeps over Tennessee. Large cities paralyzed and many small towns almost depopulated.
New State constitution adopted.
James K. Polk becomes Speaker of the national House of Representatives.
Sam Houston and other Tennesseans lead Texans in their war for independence from Mexico.
Uniform system of public schools in state established by law.
Great Removal of Cherokee from Tennessee.
First train in Tennessee makes exhibition run over LaGrange and Memphis.
Nashville becomes State capital.
November. James K. Polk becomes President-elect.
January 1. Work begun on State capitol.
New Orleans and Ohio Telegraph Company chartered - first company of kind in Tennessee.
Tennessee Historical Society founded.
Col. John Pope wins first prize in cotton exhibit at World's Fair in London.
Andrew Johnson, Governor 1853-57.
February 28. Gov. Andrew Johnson's recommendation for tax to provide public schools becomes law.
State capitol completed.
May 6. Tennessee, by legislative act, secedes from the Union.
February 6. Confederate Fort Henry surrenders.
December 31 (1862), January 1, and 2. Battle of Stone's River.
September 4. Gen. John H. Morgan killed at Greeneville, East Tennessee.
Beginning of Reconstruction.
July 19. Tennessee ratifies Fourteenth amendment to U. S. Constitution.
Gen. John H. Eaton, Jr., former Union officer, elected State superintendent of public instruction.
Ku Klux Klan organized at Pulaski.
March. Ku Klux Klan disbanded by Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest, "Grand Cyclops."
Educational law passed, establishing uniform system of free public schools.
First State board of education created.
State board of health created.
Worst yellow fever epidemic in history of U. S. strikes Memphis. Of the 6,000 white population 4,204 died; of the 14,000 Negroes, 946.
Julia Doak appointed State superintendent of education, first woman in U. S. to hold such office.
"The War of the Roses." Robert L. Taylor, Democratic candidate for Governor, defeats his brother, Alfred A. Taylor, Republican candidate.
July 21. First major strike in Tennessee history called by miners at Coal Creek.
Steel cantilever bridge over Mississippi at Memphis opened.
Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park dedicated.
May 1-November 1. Tennessee Centennial Exposition held at Nashville.
Tennessee furnishes four regiments for War with Spain.
County courts given power to establish county high schools and provide for their support and supervision.
Local option law extended to include all cities and towns.
State militia stops activities of night riders at Reelfoot Lake.
The general education bill enacted.
Population, 2,184,789. Independents elect candidates for the judiciary.
One-third of the gross revenues of the State appropriated for education. Highway improvement begun. Workmen's compensation law passed.
April 6. U. S. declares war against Germany. Many Tennesseans volunteer. First Liberty Loan oversubscribed in Tennessee.
Sergeant Alvin C. York, with small squad and armed only with pistol and rifle, takes Hill 223 in Argonne Forest.
State agrees to furnish $1,000,000, City of Nashville $600,000 and Davidson County $400,000 for memorial building in honor of soldiers of World War.
Gov. Austin Peay (1923-1927) puts all activities of State under eight major departments, abolishing about fifty bureaus and departments.
Scopes evolution trial held at Dayton; William Jennings Bryan and Clarence Darrow are opposing counsel.
By agreement with North Carolina, land for Great Smoky Mountains National Park offered to Federal government and accepted.
Legislature investigating committee votes against impeachment of Governor Horton.
Coal miners strike at Wilder.
August 31. Tennessee Valley Authority created by an Act of Congress to develop natural resources of territory within Tennessee River watershed.
Barnard Astronomical Association founded as a memorial to Dr. Edward Emerson Barnard, Nashville astronomer.
Rural Electrification Act passed by legislature regulating operation of TVA in State.
January. Convict lease law repealed. January. Construction of Chickamauga Dam begun.
January. Floods cause much property damage.
County unit bill invalidated by Tennessee Supreme Court.
State legislature overrides Governors veto of act to permit, or forbid at county's option, package sales of alcoholic liquor.