John Michael Carmody

John Carmody was born in 1881 in Bradford County Pennsylvania. He attended the Elmira Business College and went on to work in the steel and garment industries as a bookkeeper from 1900 to 1923. Carmody was active in labor relations and was the vice-president of industrial relations for Davis Coal and Coke Company. He also edited two trade journals and was named chairman to the Bituminous Coal Labor Board. Carmody's long career in New Deal administration began in 1933. It was then that Carmody became chief engineer for the Civil Works Administration, also later the Federal Emergency Relief Administration, and he was appointed to the National Labor Relations Board. In 1936 he was selected to head the Rural Electrification Administration. In 1939 he was chosen to head the Federal Works Agency which included control of the Works Progress Administration, Bureau of Public Roads, and the United States Housing Agency. Because he had visited the Soviet Union in the early 1930s, Carmody was often accused of harboring Communist sympathies. He died on November 11, 1963.